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As you can see from the map Estonia is the one of Baltic States and, although bigger, than Denmark, for example, is the smallest of them all. Estonia has a surface area of 45227 sq. km. Estonia has over 1500 islands with biggest being Saaremaa (belongs to association of 5 biggest islands in Baltic sea) and Hiiumaa. Mainland territory covered by 2833 sq. km. of bodies of water. Of them biggest are Lake Peipsi on Estonian-Russian border (total area of 3555 sq. km shared with Russia) and Võrtsjärv (266 sq. km.) longest rivers are Pärnu river (144 km), Kasari river (112 km) and Emajõgi (translation - Mother River - 101 km). Highest point in Estonia is Suur Munamägi (318 m) in Võru County. Suur Munamägi is also highest point in Baltic States

The Estonian language is closely related to Finnish but not to the languages of either of the other Baltic republics, Latvia and Lithuania, or to Russian. The country has unique traditions in folk song and verse, traditions which have had to be strong to survive the many centuries of domination by foreign countries.


Population: 1.3 million (2004) (density: 30 inhabitants/sq km)

Capital: Tallinn (population: 0.4 million; density: 2,600 inhabitants/sq km )

Other cities: Tartu (0.1 million), Narva 69,000, Kohtla-Järve 48,000, Pärnu 46,000.



total: 45,226 sq km (includes islands in the Baltic Sea)

land: 43,211 sq km

water: 2,015 sq km

Islands: 1,521. The three largest are Saaremaa (2,922 sq km, member of association of largest islands in Baltic sea), Hiiumaa (1,023 sq km), and Muhu (206 sq km)

Lakes: Lake Peipsi (holds the title as the 4th largest lake in Europe), on the Russian border, covers an area of 3,555 sq km, of which 1,529 sq km is in Estonia.

Rivers: Maj or rivers in Estonia are the Pärnu 144km, Kasari 112km, and Emajõgi 101km.

Elevation: The highest point in Estonia (and the Baltics) is Suur Munamägi (318m) in Võru County.


About 68% of population: Estonians.

largest minority: Russians(25,6%)

Other minorities Ukrainians 2.1%

Belorusians 1.2%

(above minorities often collectively labelled as "Russian-speakers")

Finns 0.9%

Others 2.3%

Tallinn's ethnic composition: Estonians 50.0 %, Russians 40.0 %, Ukrainians 4.3%, Belorusians 2.4%, Others 3.3%


Major languages: Estonian, Russian

Major religion: Christianity (Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, Estonian Orthodox). Only 31.8% of the population claims any religious affiliation.

Local time: Estonia is in the Eastern European Time Zone (GMT+2hrs). Summer time (GMT+3hrs) is in effect from the last Sunday of March until the last Sunday of October.

Life expectancy: 66 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)

Monetary unit: 1 kroon = 100 sents

Internet domain: .ee

International dialling code: + 372